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Excesses building up in the belly of US Treasuries
Michael McKerr, 05/04/2018
Strategist, Institutional Trading Education, TD Ameritrade Institutional
Geopolitics, fiscal policy developments, and POTUS Tweets regularly jolt the global markets, but yields on U.S. Treasuries are quickly becoming the most talked about and feared topic worldwide.
Whether it be 10 year notes breaking above the 3% linchpin or the looming inversion of the yield curve, financial gurus are pounding the table about how rates are in one way or another going to derail the appetite for risk and send the economy into a recession.
Significant “excesses” are building up in the Treasury markets, specifically the 10 year note’s positioning, that historically suggest the risk in yields is asymmetric to the downside at this juncture.
Correlation does not always equal causation. An economic recession is historically 12 to 24 months away once the yield curve inverts and other economic data points hit specific levels.
While a sharp rise of U.S. Treasury yields would dent corporate profits and increase financing costs for companies, the excesses present may suggest that this feared event is not coming at this time. Per the CFTC’s Commitment of Traders report represented in the graph below, institutional asset managers hold a record long position in 10 year note futures (+830,143 contracts) while leveraged money holds near record short position (-637,798).
Based on the past, a reversion to the mean in terms of positioning and price is likely to occur in the coming months.
Do we listen to analysts or take a look at history?
Many financial analysts say that an inverted yield curve (see graph below) signals a looming recession, but historically, an inverted yield curve has preceded that last three US recessions by around 12 to 24 months.
In fact, the last three US recessions did not begin until the curve began to steepen. The yield curve has effectively been flattening since the Great Financial Crisis due to the FOMC’s Quantitative Easing programs where the Fed purchased more than 60% of the long end supply (System Open Market Account holdings) in addition to its larger notional, shorter duration purchases.
The larger concern for markets is the short end of the curve’s impact on the cost of borrowing once existing debt needs to be refinanced as well as the eventual unwinding or quantitative tightening of the big three global central banks’ portfolios… but we’ll save that discussion for a different day.
So what does all of this mean?
Ultimately, the economy continues to grow at its “new normal” pace while the labor market continues to tighten with mild inflation.
Short term yields will eventually have a negative impact on corporate profits once existing debt is refinanced at higher rates.
The calls for recession based on an inverted yield curve appear to be misplaced at this time, but the belly of the Treasury market is showing signs of extreme sentiment and positioning that have historically lead to a reversion to the mean in both price and positioning, which may suggest an eventual retest of now technical support near 2.5-2.75% on the 10 year note rather than a breakout to the 3.25-3.5% range (see graph below).
Based on all of the aforementioned information, the risk of a mean reversion move in the 10 year note’s price and positioning remains quite high over the next few months.
Past performance of a security, strategy, or index is no guarantee of future results or investment success.
TD Ameritrade Institutional, Division of TD Ameritrade, Inc., member FINRA/ SIPC. TD Ameritrade is a trademark jointly owned by TD Ameritrade IP Company, Inc. and The Toronto-Dominion Bank. © 2018 TD Ameritrade.
Content provided is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be advice for any firm.
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